BOTANICAL NAME: CAPSICUM ANNUUM L. FAMILY NAME: SOLANACEAE
Chilly is the largest spice item exported from India in terms of volume. The important States growing chilly are Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu. Andhra Pradesh alone commands 46% of the chilly production in India. Chilly has two important commercial qualities namely colour and pungency. Some varieties of chilly are famous for their red colour because of the pigment capsanthin, others are known for biting pungency attributed to capsaicin. We export Chilly Whole, Chilly crushed and Chilly powder.
MAJOR VARIETIES OF CHILLY IN INDIA:
GUNTUR SANNAM CHILLIES:
Guntur Sannam Chillies are cultivated in Guntur , Warangal , Khamman district of Andra Pradesh. The Guntur chillies are long with thick red skin with very high pungency. The best times to harvest these chillies are from December to May. MUNDU CHILLIES:
Mundu chillies are found in Tamil Nadu and Anantpur in Andhra Pradesh. They are roundish fruit with moderately pungent with yellowish red color. Mundu is popularly called as 'Gundu Molzuka' meaning 'fat chilly' in Tamil Nadu.